Inflammation is a complex biological response of body to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Inflammation is intended to eliminate the initial cause of cell injury, clear out necrotic cells and tissues damaged from the original insult and the inflammatory process, and initiate tissue repair.
Inflammation can be external or internal. The five classical signs of inflammation include: pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function. Some of these indicators can also be seen due to an allergic reaction.
Moreover, inflammation is a generic response, and therefore, it is considered as a mechanism of innate immunity, as compared to adaptive immunity, which is specific for each pathogen.